Inflation hit the lower income sectors more intensely. According to the Bureau of Statistics and Census of the City of Buenos Aires, in 2018 the basket of indigence of a family type (marriage and two children) increased by 50.9%, since it rose from $ 8,108.98 in December 2017 to $ 12,237.92 last month.
Meanwhile, the poverty basket, without counting the rent, increased 47.6% and went up from $ 16,847.24 to $ 24,865.43.
For the Port Authority, the average inflation in 2018 was 45.5%. Consequently, inflation “of the poor” was 2.1 points higher and inflation “of indigence” 5.4 percentage points more.
In addition, for the Buenosairean Direction so that a family type is not considered poor nor atraviase a situation of “vulnerability” needed last December to count on income superiors to $ 31.349,71. On average, registered workers receive $ 30,000 net salary, after retirement and health discounts. From which it follows that a worker-head of a family that performs “blank” may be poor or “vulnerable”.
This happened because the food prices that make up the basic consumption basket that defines the indigence line increased more than the average. The greatest impact was due to the increase in the price of flour that affected all its derivatives.
According to the INDEC, in Capital and GBA, the price of flour rose from $ 11.03 to $ 30.32, that is to say a whopping 174.9% and affected the price of dry noodles, which increased 101% and in the price of French bread that rose 81.2%.
For its part, yerba increased 71.2%, butter 51.6% and soap “in bread” 62.2%.
Based on these numbers, a greater increase in the number of poor and indigent people is discounted both in the City and at the national level, because, in addition, the inflation levels in many interior regions are higher than in the metropolitan region.
The last Buenos Aires official measurement – II Trimester of 2018-marked that there were 565,000 poor, 18.4% of the capital’s population. Of that total, the indigents totaled 173,000, with an increase of 59,000 indigents in relation to a year ago. In addition, there were another 288,000 people in a situation of vulnerability (9.4% of the Buenos Aires population) because their income did not reach the value of the average consumption basket.
Thus, among indigent, poor, vulnerable and fragile middle class, there were 1,112,000 people living in Capital, 36.3%, who were going through a situation of social fragility because they had resources that bordered or were below the poverty line. Based on the official numbers to December, it is discounted that the Buenos Aires social deterioration is now much higher.
The measurement corresponds to poverty by income, that is, persons, families and households that have incomes below the poverty or indigence line.